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First off, an apology is in order. Many of the training myths I will be debunking were passed on to readers of fitness and weight training magazines in the thousands of training articles I’ve written over the course of almost 30 years. As time went on, I eventually figured out that I was merely parroting advice that had been handed down by generations, often taken as gospel truth and its accuracy rarely questioned. Through extensive research, discussions with multitudes of experts and veteran coaches and physique athletes, I arrived at the conclusion that much of what we accepted as truth was nothing more than dogma. Not only that, but putting 100 percent faith in the veracity of some of these myths would most likely prevent lifters from reaching their full physique potential. In order to redeem myself somewhat, here are some of the most popular training beliefs that are in fact based on nothing more than hearsay, poorly drawn conclusions, and incorrect information and assumptions.

You Can Only Train a Body Part Once a Week

The crazy thing about this belief is that it’s fairly recent. As far back as the early 1970s, Nautilus pioneer Arthur Jones preached about the neglected factor of recovery. He prescribed brief, infrequent workouts in which each muscle group was given a full seven days to recover before being trained again. Later his motives came into question. He had licensed hundreds of Nautilus gyms and fitness centers across the USA and worldwide, many exclusively featuring his Nautilus equipment. Was the workout system he advocated merely a way to keep members out of the facilities most of the time, so more memberships could be sold without fear of overcrowding? Mr. Universe Mike Mentzer was heavily influenced by Jones, and his Heavy Duty training system was a massive departure from the standard training style of the 1970s, in which body parts were hit twice a week. Heavy Duty had you training muscle groups just once a week, and Mentzer even claimed that some with extremely poor “recovery ability” might require 10 to 14 days!

Though Heavy Duty certainly had its fair share of disciples, it wasn’t until legendary Dorian Yates began his six-year run as Mr. Olympia in 1992 that once-weekly body part training caught on in a major way; as millions of meatheads around the world hoped to stack on slabs of muscle like The Shadow. That turned out to be more than a fleeting trend, as many embraced the concept of utterly destroying a body part and then leaving it alone for a full week. Soon, it became the generally accepted way to train, and those working their muscles more frequently were sneered at for “overtraining.” The inherent problem with this argument for once-weekly training of a muscle group is that a lot of people do better with higher frequency. And I truly believe that for many of us, we start to lose some of the gains we have made from a workout if we wait a full seven days before working that muscle group again. Since you wouldn’t know which style worked better for you unless you try, a whole generation has been missing out on potentially superior gains because they never gave training a muscle group twice a week a chance. I urge all of you to at least give it a try for a couple of months if you never have. You might find out it’s what your body would have been thriving on all along.

The More You Train a Body Part, the Bigger It Gets

On the flip side of that, we are often told the solution to bringing up a lagging body part is to work it more frequently. The inherent problem with this concept is that it doesn’t quantify how often we should train the area. If you take the advice literally, that would mean that working a muscle group several times a day, every day, is the key to maximum development. Once you dismiss that as overkill, you’re left to try and figure it out on your own. Should we train it twice a week, three times, every other day? Recovery must be respected regardless, because it has been established that muscles do need some amount of time to repair and rebuild with thicker fibers. There is no consensus on how much time is required. There are some general guidelines that have been determined through anecdotal evidence as gathered by millions of meatheads over many decades. It’s very safe to say that large muscle groups such as the back and legs would need a minimum of two to three days between workouts. Smaller muscle groups like the shoulders and arms recover faster, but care must be taken as both are involved in exercises for the chest and back. The only muscle groups anyone seems to have had any success with when training them daily are calves and abs, likely because these are denser muscles that are already accustomed to being “worked” all the time in daily life. While working a stubborn muscle group more often for a limited time period of four to six weeks has helped many guys see new gains, the principle should not be taken to extremes. If it was true, training every waking hour of every day would result in the biggest muscles possible.

Machines Suck, Only Free Weights Are Effective

Free weights work very well, and they will never become obsolete. That doesn’t mean that machines can’t also help you grow. There are even some machines that I consider more or less essential for anyone seeking complete development in all the muscle groups: leg curls, pec deck/flyes, leg extension and lat pulldown are a few that come to mind. For me, pec flyes are vastly superior to dumbbell flyes, which don’t give any resistance in the final third of the rep. And if you have certain injuries such as in the lower back, leg presses can help you keep your thigh mass when you can’t squat. Those with shoulder injuries or arthritis, and that’s a lot of us, are often able to press heavy for chest and shoulders even when free weights with moderate resistance are sheer agony. Free weights aren’t the best training tools, and neither are machines. The very best “toolbox” to build your masterpiece would be both.

Wide-Grip Chins and Lat Pulldowns Make Your Back Wider

This one sure sounds like it makes sense, until you truly master mind-muscle connection and investigate further through your own experimentation. At that point you will realize that wide-grip pulling movements cause greater scapular retraction, and you wind up feeling them more in the mid-back and lower traps. Ponder this for a moment if you will: Dorian Yates, owner of one of the widest backs in human history, never did anything with a wide grip. He preferred close-grip underhand lat pulldowns and shoulder-width underhand barbell rows as both provided the greatest range of motion for the lats, and also put the biceps in their strongest anatomical pulling position. The bigger your back gets, the wider it will become, period. Stop wasting your time with grips that go anywhere past your own shoulder width.

You ‘Have To’ Bench Press, Squat, and Deadlift

The short answer to this is, no you don’t, unless you are a powerlifter. Don’t get me wrong. These three basic lifts have contributed to many millions of pounds of muscle gained for the better part of a century now. They work very well for a lot of people. They also work terribly for a lot of people. Personally, I bench pressed from age 13 to 20 because that was the exercise everyone else did for chest and we all wanted to have a big maximum bench press number to brag about. But I never felt them as well in my pecs as I was supposed to. I found that dumbbells gave me a better feeling, as well as Hammer Strength and Smith machines. I wound up building pecs that were thicker than a lot of pros, and certainly far more impressive than nearly all the guys at any gym I was at who were bench-pressing big weights (yes, there were some huge dudes at times who showed me up, of course!).

As much as I preach the value of squats and concede they always worked well for me in building my thighs, I also saw many guys, particularly taller men, who were just not mechanically built to squat. They were always better off doing leg presses and hack squats. Deadlifts are also great, but again, some of you aren’t structurally suited to do them well. When you hear anyone say, “You can’t get a great back without deadlifts,” know that this is also bullshit. I have seen more than a few guys who busted their asses on all types of free weight and machine rows who managed to build very impressive backs without deadlifting. I say that if you do those movements and they work well for you, keep on keepin’ on. If not, stop banging your head against a brick wall and focus on other movements for the chest, thighs and back that you can work hard and heavy on. Again, it’s nice to be able to say you can bench press, squat and deadlift X amount of weight, but that’s powerlifting, not building muscle.

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You Need to Get Stronger to Get Bigger

Relax and let me explain what I mean before some of you blow a gasket. When you start training, size and strength gains are both steady, and they go hand in hand. You start off struggling to squat the 45-pound bar with chicken legs, and by the time you can bury 315 for 15, your legs will be twice that size. Some people will try and tell you that you can increase your strength forever. This is complete bullshit. If it wasn’t, we would have some of these top powerlifters bench-pressing 2,000 pounds and deadlifting twice that much. It might take you three, five, 10, or 20 years, but there will come a day for all of you when you simply will not be able to get any stronger; unless you specialize on some odd exercise for a while that you never tried to get super strong on. I maintain that nearly all of you will be able to continue to add muscle mass long after your strength has topped out. By using techniques such as less rest time between sets, higher reps, supersets, giant sets, forced reps, and drop sets you can put extreme stress on muscles without having to go any heavier. Food and supplements will also play an increasingly important role in gains once your strength is maxed out, though of course I am not advocating the abuse of steroids, GH, and insulin – merely pointing out that they have helped many competitive athletes grow without getting any stronger. I need to emphasize that I fully believe in getting stronger to get bigger for as long as that process works for you. Dante Trudel of DC Training based his entire program on progressive resistance as the key factor in growing larger muscles, and many have experienced excellent results. All I’m saying is that you can keep growing even after you’ve stopped getting any stronger, which is good to know.

You Have to Use Perfect Form

I used to believe that nothing short of textbook form was either acceptable or effective, having been brainwashed into this mainly by the writings of the aforementioned Nautilus inventor/owner Arthur Jones. Then over the years, I made a significant observation. The biggest guys in the gym rarely used perfect form, while it seemed that a large percentage of those who did were far from impressive in their development. Huh! It made no sense to me until I came to the realization that adhering to absolutely perfect form drastically limited the amount of weight you could use on most exercises. That’s not to say you sling weights around with sheer momentum, either. There is a balance that needs to be found between that textbook form and cheating form. Once you find it, you will be able to still put the muscle under tension, but with heavier loads. The key is to always be able to feel the muscle working. Your form might look questionable to the observer, but you will know if you feel the target muscle contracting and stretching or not. Four-time Mr. Olympia Jay Cutler said on various occasions that even though his form appeared “sloppy” at times, he was always working the muscle. With the three power lifts, i.e., the bench press, squat and deadlift, you probably do still want to employ better form, as the risk of injury when veering too far from it is substantial and not worth the trade-off for heavier loads. In the end, you shouldn’t always use either perfect or bad form. There is a time and place for both, and knowing when to apply both will lead to your best results.

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By: Ron Harris
Title: 7 Training Myths That Must Die
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Published Date: Thu, 27 Jan 2022 19:50:38 +0000

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Ripped Leg Blast for Carved Thighs



Powerful and thick thighs require gut-busting exercises like squats and leg presses. However, once you have acquired adequate thigh mass and strength, you should consider adding some balance and sharpness to the muscle bellies in your thighs. Although tough to accomplish, leg extensions provide a great way to carve the separations between the muscle bellies, and to accentuate the “teardrop” shape of the four quadriceps muscles of the anterior thigh.

Active Muscles in Leg Extensions

The three vasti muscles comprise most of the anterior thigh.1 The vastus medialis covers the medial (inner) part of the femur bone (thigh bone). When it is well developed, it forms a teardrop-like shape over the medial side of the knee joint. The vastus lateralis muscle attaches to the lateral (outer) part of the femur bone. The vastus intermedius connects to the femur bone between the vastus lateralis and the vastus medialis muscles. The fibers of all three vasti muscles come together at the quadriceps tendon, which crosses the patella (kneecap) to attach to the tibia bone just below the knee.1

Together, the three vasti muscles extend the leg at the knee joint, although the vastus intermedius may be more fatigue resistant than the vastus lateralis.2 The vastus medialis oblique (VMO), which is a small part of the vastus medialis muscle, attaches to the medial part of the patella. It is thought to help the patella track properly during movement of the knee. Improper tracking can increase the likelihood for knee injury.

The vastus medialis and especially the VMO part of this muscle are primarily responsible for tibial rotation (rotation of the tibia bone of the lower leg on the femur) during knee extension. This rotation or “twist” has been shown to increase the activation of the VMO portion of the vastus lateralis even more than doing knee extensions with the hip adducted (thigh rotated so that the medial portion of the knee is facing mostly upwards).3 Dorsiflexion of the foot (moving the ankles so the toes are pointing towards your head) also increases the activation of the VMO by more than 20 percent.4 Likely this is because the dorsiflexor muscles stabilize the tibia during knee flexion and resist rotation of the tibia on the femur as the knee straightens.

The fourth muscle of the quadriceps group is the rectus femoris muscle. It attaches to the anterior part of the hip bone just above the hip joint.1 The largest bulk of the muscle fibers are located on the upper three-quarters of the thigh, whereas the largest belly of the vastus medialis and vastus lateralis are more inferior (i.e., closer to the knee). The distal end of the rectus femoris muscle becomes tendinous and it creates a deep valley between the lateral and medial vastus muscles as it approaches the knee.1 It assists the other quadriceps muscles by extending the leg at the knee joint, although it is less effective when the hip is flexed than if it is straight.

Leg Extensions

The three vastus muscles of the anterior thigh are strongly activated by single-leg knee extensions. The rectus femoris is not activated as strongly, but it does undergo some overload when the anterior thigh is under contractile effort, about halfway up to the top of each repetition.

1. You should always warm up your knees with some stationary cycling prior to getting into leg extensions. Furthermore, the resistance on your first set should be fairly light to allow the joint to fully warm up before you get to the heavier stuff.

2. Adjust the knee extension machine so that the pivot point of the lifting arm is directly adjacent to the center of the side of your knee joint.

3. Position the ankle roller/leg pad over the lower part of the leg (above the ankle joint).

4. Take about three seconds to slowly extend (straighten) both leg so that the weight is lifted upward from the stack.

5. Continue upwards until the tibia and the femur bones form a straight line and the knee angle is straight. Hold this for two seconds at the top.

6. Slowly lower the weight (about four seconds down) towards the starting position. Once the knee has reached 90 degrees, start the upwards extension phase again. Continue for 12-15 repetitions for the first set. Lower the number of repetitions but increase the resistance for subsequent sets.

7. On the next sets, lift the weight upwards until the knee joint becomes almost straight, but just slightly short of a total knee lockout. Be careful that you do not “jam” the knee joint into a fully locked out position, because this could cause knee cartilage damage5, especially with heavy weights. Hold the top position for a count of three before lowering the weight.

8. Lower the weight slowly (four to five seconds) towards the starting position where your knee is flexed to 90 degrees. Just before the weight stack contacts the remaining plates at the bottom, start lifting it upward for the next repetition.

The downward movement should be slower than the upward phase because you are resisting the pull of gravity. The slow lowering of the weight stretches the muscle under a resistance and this is a great stimulus to improve muscle shape and size.6

Make sure that you do not hold your breath during the lift upwards.7 Rather take a breath at the bottom (start) of the lift, and exhale as you extend the knees/legs. Take another breath at the top and slowly exhale as the weight is lowered. Take another breath at the bottom and repeat the sequence.

This is a mechanically simply exercise, but it really can be very challenging and blood depriving8,9, especially if you try to control the weight as it is moving up and down. However, if you are willing to work through some discomfort, you will be soon enjoying your new shape and slabs of carved thighs.

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1. Moore K.L. Clinically Orientated Anatomy. Third Edition. Williams & Willkins, Baltimore, 1995; pp 373-500.

2. Watanabe K, Akima H. Neuromuscular activation of vastus intermedius muscle during fatiguing exercise. J Electromyogr Kinesiol 2010;20:661-666.

3. Stoutenberg M, Pluchino AP, Ma F et al. The impact of foot position on electromyographical activity of the superficial quadriceps muscles during leg extension. J Strength Cond Res 2005;19:931-938.

4. Coburn JW, Housh TJ, Cramer JT et al. Mechanomyographic and electromyographic responses of the vastus medialis muscle during isometric and concentric muscle actions. J Strength Cond Res 2005; 19:412-420.

5. Senter C, Hame SL. Biomechanical analysis of tibial torque and knee flexion angle: implications for understanding knee injury. Sports Med 2006;36:635-641.

6. Alway SE, Winchester PK, Davis ME et al. Regionalized adaptations and muscle fiber proliferation in stretch- induced enlargement. J Appl Physiol 1989;66:771-781.

7. Garber CE, Blissmer B, Deschenes MR et al. American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, and neuromotor fitness in apparently healthy adults: guidance for prescribing exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2011;43:1334-1359.

8. Denis R, Bringard A, Perrey S. Vastus lateralis oxygenation dynamics during maximal fatiguing concentric and eccentric isokinetic muscle actions. J Electromyogr Kinesiol 2011;21:276-282.

9. Ueda C, Kagaya A. Muscle reoxygenation difference between superficial and deep regions of the muscles during static knee extension. Adv Exp Med Biol 2010;662:329-334.

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By: Stephen E. Alway, Ph.D., FACSM
Title: Ripped Leg Blast for Carved Thighs
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Published Date: Mon, 25 Jul 2022 19:11:16 +0000

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PRIMAL Preworkout



Training hard and intensely is the only way to train – you can’t step into the gym in low gear or
asleep at the switch and expect results. To get the most out of every training session with no
compromises, you need a pre-workout that will power your performance and enable you to crush
it every time you train. Bottom line, you need to maximize your workouts by pushing yourself to
your limits and that’s what Animal’s PRIMAL Preworkout delivers.

A Better Pump

PRIMAL is Animal’s most comprehensive pre-workout supplement ever, and is scientifically
designed for the advanced, hard trainer. Animal worked tirelessly to find the right combination of
ingredients that could be worthy of the Animal name. First on the agenda was giving you a better
pump, which is why PRIMAL Preworkout is empowered with the breakthrough, patented
3DPump-Breakthrough ® . Not only does it increase nitric oxide for the valued “pump,” but it also
helps increase exercise capacity and endurance and helps optimize vascular endothelial function,
aka vascularity.†

Other key benefits of PRIMAL come from four scientifically formulated blends that work in tandem
to deliver the ultimate pre-workout:

• Endurance & Performance Complex so you can train longer and harder. Beta-alanine,
betaine and taurine are combined as a powerful endurance trio†. Beta-alanine is a vital ingredient
used to combat the urge to quit.

• Focus & Intensity Complex helps you keep your head in the iron game so you train hard and
maintain focus. Includes the amino acid tyrosine, which is involved in neurotransmitter production;
Huperzine A for brain health; and choline bitartrate, which supports energy metabolism and helps
the brain send messages for improved mental endurance and focus†.

This blend is completed with the patented Teacrine ® . Among its many benefits includes increases
in energy without the jittery feeling, increases in motivation to accomplish tasks, mental energy
and decreases in feeling of fatigue†.

• Quick and Sustained Energy Complex is the energy core of PRIMAL Preworkout . It is
powered by a combination of tried-and-true caffeine, along with an herbal complex of green tea,
coffee bean extract and guarana†.

• Electrolyte Complex to support muscle hydration and help get you through those intense
training sessions – because proper hydration is key for maximal performance. PRIMAL
Preworkout tops it off with a combination of AstraGin ® to support nutrient uptake and Senactiv,
which helps the production of citrate synthase, an important enzyme that is responsible for
producing more ATP†.

How to Use PRIMAL
30 minutes prior to training, consume 2 rounded scoops (20.3g) with 8-12 oz of water or your
favorite beverage. Users that are sensitive to stimulants should start off with 1 rounded scoop
(10.1g) to assess tolerance.

PRIMAL Preworkout

• Enhances energy and endurance†
• Supports muscle hydration†
• Supports intense focus†
• Contains AstraGin ® to support nutrient uptake†
• Contains Senactiv ® which helps the production of citrate synthase, an important enzyme that is
responsible for producing more ATP†
• Absorption and nutrient enhancers
• Great tasting, easy to mix

PRIMAL is a pre-workout that will power your performance and enable you to crush it every time you train.

For additional information, visit
†These statements have not been evaluated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. This product is not
intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

The post PRIMAL Preworkout appeared first on FitnessRX for Men.

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By: Team FitRx
Title: PRIMAL Preworkout
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Published Date: Thu, 21 Jul 2022 16:51:41 +0000

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