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A California startup is pursuing a novel, if simple, plan for ensuring that dead trees keep carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere for thousands of years: burying their remains underground.

Kodama Systems, a forest management company based in the Sierra Nevada foothills town of Sonora, has been operating in stealth mode since it was founded last summer. But MIT Technology Review can now report the company has raised around $6.6 million from Bill Gates’s climate fund Breakthrough Energy Ventures, as well as Congruent Ventures and other investors.

In addition, the payments company Stripe will reveal on Thursday that it’s provided a $250,000 research grant to the company and its research partner, the Yale Carbon Containment Lab, as part of a broader carbon removal announcement. That grant will support a pilot effort to bury waste biomass harvested from California forests in the Nevada desert and study how well it prevents the release of greenhouse gases that drive climate change. 

It also agreed to purchase about 415 tons of carbon dioxide eventually sequestered by the company for another $250,000, if that proof-of-concept project achieves certain benchmarks.

“Biomass burial has the potential to become a low-cost, high-scale approach for carbon removal, though there is a need for further investigation into its long-term durability,” said Joanna Klitzke, procurement and ecosystem strategy lead for Stripe.

For the last several years, Stripe has pre-purchased tons of carbon dioxide that startups aim to eventually draw out of the air and permanently sequester, in an effort to help build up a carbon removal industry. It has also helped establish a different model for counteracting corporate climate emissions that goes beyond simply purchasing carbon credits from popular offsets projects, such as those that involve planting trees, which have come under growing scrutiny.

A handful of research groups and startups have begun exploring the potential to lock up the carbon in wood, by burying or otherwise storing tree remains in ways that slow down decomposition.

Trees are naturally efficient at sucking down vast amounts of carbon dioxide from the air, but they release the carbon again when they die and rot on the ground. Sequestering trees underground could prevent this. If biomass burial works as well as hoped, it may provide a relatively cheap and easy way to pull down some share of the billions of tons of greenhouse gas that studies find may need to be removed to keep global temperatures in check in the coming decades. 

But until it’s been done on large scales and studied closely, it remains to be seen how much it will cost, how much carbon it could store, and how long and reliably it may keep greenhouse gases out of the atmosphere.

Dead wood

Forest experts have long warned that decades of overly aggressive fire suppression policies in the US have produced dense, overgrown forests that significantly increase the risk of major conflagrations when wildfires inevitably occur. Climate change has exacerbated those dangers by creating hotter and drier conditions.

Following a series of devastating fire years across the West, a number of states are increasingly funding efforts to clear out forests to reduce those dangers. That includes removing undergrowth, cutting down trees, or using controlled burns to break up the landscape and prevent fires from reaching forest crowns.

States are expected to produce more and more forest waste from these efforts as climate change accelerates in the coming years, says Justin Freiberg, managing director of the Yale Carbon Containment Lab, which has been conducting field trials exploring a number of “wood carbon containment” approaches under different conditions for several years.

But today, the harvested plants and trees are generally piled up in cleared areas and then left to rot or deliberately burned. That allows the carbon stored in them to simply return to the atmosphere, driving further warming.

Kodama hopes to address both the wildfire dangers and the emissions challenge. The company says it’s developing automated ways of thinning out overcrowded forests that will make the process cheaper and faster (though it’s not yet discussing this part of the business in detail). After stripping off the limbs from trees too small to be sold for timber, they’ll load them into trucks and ship them to a prepared pit.

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By: James Temple
Title: A stealth effort to bury wood for carbon removal has just raised millions
Sourced From: www.technologyreview.com/2022/12/15/1065016/a-stealth-effort-to-bury-wood-for-carbon-removal-has-just-raised-millions/
Published Date: Thu, 15 Dec 2022 14:00:00 +0000

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Frontier Adventure

Astronomers are Searching for a Galaxy-Wide Transmitter Beacon at the Center of the Milky Way

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It has been over sixty years since the first Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) survey occurred. This was Project Ozma, a survey led by Dr. Frank Drake (who devised the Drake Equation) that used the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) in Green Bank, West Virginia, to listen for radio transmissions from Epsilon Eridani and Tau Ceti. While the search revealed nothing of interest, it paved the way for decades of research, theory, and attempts to find evidence of technological activity (aka. “technosignatures”).

The search continues today, with researchers using next-generation instruments and analytical methods to find the “needle in the cosmic haystack.” This is the purpose behind Breakthrough Listen Investigation for Periodic Spectral Signals (BLIPSS), a collaborative SETI project led by Cornell graduate student Akshay Suresh to look for technosignatures at the center of the Milky Way. In a recent paper, Suresh and his team shared their initial findings, which were made possible thanks to data obtained by the Greenbank Observatory and a proprietary algorithm they developed.

Suresh is a Ph.D. candidate at the Cornell Center for Astrophysics and Planetary Science who leads the BLIPPS campaign, a collaboration between Cornell University, the SETI Institute, and Breakthrough Listen. He and his colleagues were joined by astrophysicists from the Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, the Institute for Mathematics, Astrophysics, and Particle Physics (IMAPP), the Institute of Space Sciences and Astronomy, and the International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research (ICRAR). Their paper, “A 4–8 GHz Galactic Center Search for Periodic Technosignatures,” appeared on May 30th in The Astronomical Journal.

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The Karl Jansky Very Large Array at night, with the Milky Way visible in the sky. Credit: NRAO/AUI/NSF; J. Hellerman

To date, all SETI surveys have been dedicated to looking for evidence of artificial radio transmissions. The accepted theory is that radio signatures would fall into one of two categories: narrowband intentional beacon emissions and broadband radiation leakage from radio transmitters. Of the two, the spectrotemporal characteristics (frequency over time) of radiation leakage are much harder to speculate about and likely to be weaker. For this reason, most modern SETI efforts have focused on looking for wideband searches for narrowband beacons from planetary systems or neighboring galaxies.

In particular, a rotating beacon near Galactic Center (GC) is considered a promising technosignature to SETI researchers. For an advanced species, such a beacon would provide a means for communicating with the entire galaxy without the need for direct contact. For species dying to know if they are alone in the Universe but not so eager as to advertise their location, a beacon is doubly attractive because it would also allow some anonymity to be maintained. As Suresh told Universe Today via email:

“From a game theory perspective, the core of the Milky Way is a likely “Schelling point” by which different alien worlds may establish communication without prior contact. For instance, intelligent aliens may choose to transmit beacons toward the center of the Milky Way to reach a maximum number of targets. Equivalently, such aliens may also transmit directly away from the center of the Milky Way, knowing that societies like ours will look towards the core of the galaxy.”

For their search, the team employed a fast folding algorithm (FFA), an open-source machine learning software designed to detect periodic events within time series data. They first tested this algorithm on known pulsars, successfully detecting the expected periodic emissions. They then consulted datasets obtained by the 100-meter Green Bank Telescope (GBT) – part of the Breakthrough Listen’s network – on a region at the center of the Milky Way during a 4.5-hour observing period. This region measures 50 light-years in diameter and encompasses over half a million stars.

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Baller Awards

‘Yellowjackets’ Production Designer Margot Ready On The Sacred Space of the Meat Shack, How They Pulled Off That Fiery Finale [VIDEO]

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Awards Daily chats with Yellowjackets production designer Margot Ready about constructing the “shit cliff,” the tentacle-like insides of Javi’s lair, and Natalie’s plane sequence in Episode 9’s “Storytelling.” *Spoilers Ahead* If there’s one thing the Yellowjackets team members know, it’s trauma. Production designer Margot Ready tried to incorporate this theme throughout the set pieces on […]

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By: Megan McLachlan
Title: ‘Yellowjackets’ Production Designer Margot Ready On The Sacred Space of the Meat Shack, How They Pulled Off That Fiery Finale [VIDEO]Sourced From: www.awardsdaily.com/2023/06/04/yellowjackets-production-designer-margot-ready-on-the-sacred-space-of-the-meat-shack-how-they-pulled-off-that-fiery-finale/
Published Date: Sun, 04 Jun 2023 14:35:48 +0000

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EDM

Festival Report Card: Lightning In A Bottle 2023

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Lightning In A Bottle celebrated its 20th anniversary this Memorial Day with an extra wave of positivity in the air. Attendees were absolutely thriving in each moment and creating memories to last a lifetime.

Lightning In A Bottle is a festival produced by Do LaB, who’s well known for their infamous stage at Coachella. 

This year, Do LaB brought a talented group of musicians, performers, teachers, and talent to Buena Vista Lake in Bakersfield, California. This curated festival provided an opportunity for people to reflect, learn, and grow, and have space to connect with others.

See EDM Maniac‘s Festival Report Card below:

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Vibes: A+

Lightning In A Bottle is known for its transformational energy, and we certainly felt it last weekend. The crowd was flowing with positive vibes and filled with smiles, laughs, hugs, and high fives. Even when sets got crowded, there was no pushing or shoving, and people were constantly saying “excuse me” and making sure to be respectful when passing through. 

Depending on where you were and what activity you were doing, the vibes followed. If you were at the bass stage, the crowd was headbanging and encouraging others to get wild and let loose. If you were at the Woogie, you were moving and grooving with everyone and feeling free.

LSDREAM’s LIGHTCODE was a standout experience of the weekend, with the crowd overflowing past the Thunder stage, but all still experiencing it together. You could see the calmness and tranquility that LSDREAM spread every person who was there.

The sea of people breathed and relaxed to the beat of the drum which created a strong sense of peace and unity that is hard to find anywhere else.

Production: B

The Woogie had multiple platforms for people to dance on, which gave a flowy, trippy vibe to the area, and the speakers at the Woogie were rocking all weekend long.

The Lightning stage was huge and had a large screen for visuals (ahem, Rezz) with lights and lasers, but it would’ve been even better with the addition of pyro or cryo. 

The Thunder stage this year brought the heat, with a huge panel LED screen on the front of the DJ booth, as well as a large LED screen for visuals in the back. Do LaB’s infamous sheets of fabric provided some shade during the day, as well as a truly encapsulating feeling at night.

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Music: B+

Lightning in a Bottle is known to have a diverse lineup of music with various stages for all the genres you could possibly imagine.

The Woogie did not disappoint. We were sad to see Tale of Us have to cancel at the last minute, but the addition of house music legend Lee Burridge kept the party going.

This year’s Woogie lineup featured legends such as LP Giobbi, Purple Disco Machine, Stephan Bodzin, and more. Mary Droppinz brought the boogie to woogie, absolutely throwing down during her daytime set, and Diplo brought some immaculate vibes during the nighttime.

Thunder, the bass stage, had some insane sets throughout the weekend from Liquid Stranger, LSDREAM, TOKiMONSTA, The Glitch Mob, Deathpact, Moore Kismet, and Wreckno. Up-and-coming artist, Hamdi took the stage by storm on Friday playing his new hit single “Counting,” which has gone viral on TikTok.

Lightning, the main stage, had a notable variety of bands, musicians, and DJs playing. Sofi Tukker brought all the energy with their live performance while Rezz hypnotized the crowd with bass.

Let’s talk about the stacks. Although it’s a smaller stage, the talent we saw was insane and constantly giving massive amounts of energy. Snuffy, Ooga, and JordnMoody absolutely blew the stage away with endless supplies of bass and good vibes. The stacks also impressed everyone when Zeke Beats showed up Sunday night as a special guest. 

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Photo Credit: Juliana Bernstein/Get Tiny

Venue: B+

Buena Vista Lake is an interesting venue because some of the grounds are concrete. Do LaB did a phenomenal job of adding woodchips, fake grass, and other elements to make the grounds feel more comfortable. The dust at LIB is unavoidable, so we hope you were wearing your bandana. 

Getting around the grounds was a breeze. It never felt too crowded walking from stage to stage, and there were so many things to stop and see while walking. You could get lost in an art gallery, watch someone create live art, sit down at the sacred fire, get lost in the neon performers at Martian Circus, and so much more.

The roller rink also added a playful and fun environment for people to skate, dance, and groove to some tunes. The lake provided a place for attendees to cool off, and we saw many floaties, toys, and smiles in the water.

Another new addition to LIB provided this year was Wi-Fi, although unfortunately it came at a cost per day, and did not seem to work for many people.  One other thing many people noticed was the drinking water seemed to be slightly cloudy on the first few days, but by the last day seemed to have improved.

The one thing LIB never disappoints with are the activities, places to learn, and space to grow. There were tons of yoga and movement classes. LIB also offers a plethora of learning and culture offerings, talks and discussions with visionaries, experts, and thought leaders, and even culinary classes. 

Overall: B+

Overall, the production at LIB blew us away. There were multiple immersive structures you could walk through and explore, tons of art to see, a large yoga tent with a variety of classes, a sacred fire to sit by, art cars, and many other places and things to explore.

LIB has music everywhere, and for the 20th anniversary of LIB, they didn’t hold back. Every day of the five-day festival was stacked with talent.

The Grand Artique hosted performances all weekend, as well as Beacon, Martian Circus, Junkyard, and Crossroads. The banana art car would also pop up in the middle of nowhere with the best beats. 

LIB truly fosters a place of love, learning, happiness, and peace as well as a place to let loose and dance the night away. 

Featured image credit Sydnee Wilson, second image credit DI Visuals, third image credit Jess Gallo for Atlas Media

The post Festival Report Card: Lightning In A Bottle 2023 appeared first on EDM Maniac.

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By: Melissa Mubaraki
Title: Festival Report Card: Lightning In A Bottle 2023
Sourced From: edmmaniac.com/festival-report-card-lightning-in-a-bottle-2023/
Published Date: Fri, 02 Jun 2023 22:52:26 +0000

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