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When it comes to shopping for a new perfume for yourself or someone else, it can be helpful knowing that all fragrances belong to a set of olfactory families. Ever tried a scent-finding service? One of the first things they try to establish is your general preference within these categories. From there, the wizardry of helping you find ‘the one’ can seem clairvoyant, but it’s down to experience and knowledge, not tea leaves and tarot cards. Once you know where your preferences lie, it can be easier to navigate the world of scent, especially from online.

So, what are the fragrance families and where do they come from? “It’s very much part of traditional French perfumery,” explains Lyn Harris, “it helps bring a rationale and structure to this art form.” As the perfumer and creator behind Perfumer H, Harris has categorised the collection of scents under Citrus, Fern, Floral, Oriental and Wood.

The fragrance families have evolved over centuries. A quick online search will throw up dozens of different versions of the fragrance wheel, a colour coded chart that often breaks scents into the aforementioned categories along with: Chyprè, Fougère, Aromatic and Fresh. Thereafter, there are subdivisions like ozonic, citrus or aquatic to further define the character of a scent. There’s ample room for interpretation, so you might see the same fragrance categorised slightly differently.

Harris, who trained in both Paris and Grasse, the world perfume capital, under manufacturer Robertet before founding (and departing) Miller Harris – as well as working on fragrances for Maison Trudon, Claus Porto and Sunspel – says the current trend in perfumery is clear: “woody, woody, woody; in my French families it’s fresh woods/fougère or deep wood/chyprès.”

Do all fragrances fall within the families or are there brands out there breaking the mould? Harris says, “rules are there to be broken, and my work does go off and can blend into two or more families. But, I would say the structure of the families always brings you back as a perfumer, which is very important to have in the background. Also this sense of heritage, which is for me important to preserve as well as pushing the boundaries.”

The Key Men’s Scent Categories

Here’s a quick breakdown of the key fragrance families you should be aware of.


Before the introduction of the T-shaped safety razor in 1847, men didn’t much wear perfume, using aftershave instead. To protect the skin against infections from nicks and cuts, Eau de Cologne were used as an after splash, the origins of which date back to 1709 and the German town of the same name.

Then, in 1882, the French perfume house Houbigant released Fougère Royale. It was an unexpected hit with men and the unique structure of lavender, geranium and rose went on to become a common signature in masculine fragrances that perfumers rely on today. Incidentally, fougère is French for ‘fern’.


woody perfume

Chyprè (or ‘sheep-ra’ as it’s pronounced) is a warm, dry olfactory family that uses oakmoss and woods, often balanced with citrus. The French company Coty put this category on the map with the launch of Chyprè in 1917, and Guerlain followed up with Chyprè Sous Le Vent in 1933.

It’s a sophisticated style that is confident and assured – think Tom Ford’s Italian Cypress for a modern take.


oriental fragrance

Perhaps your dad, uncle or grandfather had a bottle of Old Spice? This pre-war scent was launched in 1937 and built around vanilla, musk and amber. At the time it wasn’t considered particularly manly. For those that can remember its heyday, it’s often more associated with cheesy 1970s and 1980s ads – but it’s still a trailblazer.

Although florals can appear too, spices, resins and woods are typical ingredients in oriental scents, the origins of which can be tracked along the historic spice routes between India and Arabia. Orientals tend to be rich and seductive, heavier on the base notes with good longevity and suited to the colder months.


gourmand fragrances

This modern category relates to anything that evokes sweet, sugary things, like chocolate, vanilla, coffee, candied fruits or foods. A*Men by Thierry Mugler and some of its flankers certainly brush this category, with lots of vanilla, cacao, tonka bean and honey.

This Season’s Best New Scents (& Their Fragrance Family)

Get to know the best new fragrance releases, and some established favourites, by their fragrance family.

Salt by Perfumer H

Fragrance Family: Woody Chyprè


Lyn Harris adds three new scents to the Perfumer H collection, each inspired by epicurean delicacies: Cucumber, Pear and Salt, with a line of foodie treats to match. There is an obsession in gastronomic corners with the gourmet varieties of the white stuff – be it Hawaiian, Himalayan, Cornish, Maldon, Fleur de Sel or smoked.

Harris has translated this culinary cornerstone into an intriguing herbaceous, leathery scent, using wild herbs of rosemary, coriander, thyme, white sage, cardamom, angelica seed, iris root, patchouli and oak moss. Hungry for more? Sprinkle a little Garrigue, Harris’ specially blended Fleur de Sel, onto your roasts and recipes.

Buy now at Perfumer H

Jo Malone Midnight Musk & Amber Cologne

Fragrance Family: Fresh Oriental


The Rip-Roaring Christmas collection from Jo Malone delivers strong inspiration from the hedonistic 1920s. The colognes come in special edition, fluted glass bottles, that look reminiscent of vintage whisky decanters with a cut crystal effect top.

New Year’s Eve might be a less crowded affair compared with previous years, but you can conjure a troupe of high-kicking dancers with a quick spritz of the new Midnight Musk & Amber Cologne. Juniper and mandarin bring the festive cheer, while amber and musk seduce. Apply to the pulse points and loiter near the mistletoe.

Buy now at John Lewis

Creed Aventus

Fragrance Family: Aromatic Fougère


To celebrate the 10th anniversary of the cult best-seller, Aventus, Creed has released a limited-edition flacon – yup, that’s the posh word for bottle. It’s adorned with a limited-edition silver pattern, and you can have the back engraved with initials or a personal message for the recipient. “Happy Christmas to me,” perhaps?

Buy now at Creed

Dunhill Signature Collection Amalfi Citrus

Fragrance Family: Woody Citrus


One of two recent additions to the exclusive Signature Collection, Dunhill’s Amalfi Citrus is a welcome olfactory tour of the famous spot that clings to the cliffs of Salerno. Blow away the winter chills with a Mediterranean medley of lemon essence, bergamot, bitter orange, green mandarin and neroli over a musky base of amber woods and vetiver.

Buy now at Harrods

Coach Blue

Fragrance Family: Aromatic Citrus


A new scent for men from the US fashion brand, Coach Blue kicks off with fresh lime and absinthe, layered over ozonic notes and black pepper, and finished with a base of amber and cedar wood. It’s fresh and airy, just like those big American skies.

Buy now at Amazon

Carolina Herrera Saffron Lazuli

Fragrance Family: Oriental Spicy


Everything about Saffron Lazuli screams decadence – from the weighty, gold-heeled bottle to its deep blue interior. Caroline Herrera’s unisex offering serves up some major Middle Eastern vibes, a considered departure from the brand’s New York locale.

Lapis Lazuli is known as the gemstone of success so if you’re in need of some extra luck, try misting yourself with this heady combo of red pistil, blackcurrant, iris and guaiac wood and smashing those targets.

Buy now at Harrods

Maison Crivelli Iris Malikhân

Fragrance Family: Powdery Floral


Fields of iris at the desert’s edge provides the inspiration for Iris Malikhân, the latest release from French perfume house Maison Crivelli. Coincidentally, we noticed that in Tagalog, the language of the Philippines, malikhain means ‘creative’, which seems to suit this powdery iris.

It captures the dry desert air, with earthy cinnamon, leather and a hint of blackcurrant. An escapist scent that will console frustrated nomads everywhere.

Buy now at John Lewis

Jean Paul Gaultier Le Male Christmas Collector Edition 2020

Fragrance Family: Oriental Fougère


As one of the best-selling scents of all time, Jean Paul Gaultier Le Male needs little introduction. A distanced festive season might complete 2020’s tour de force as an annus horribilis, but there’s more than one Christmas tradition we can hang on to, including adding the Le Male collector edition to our stockings.

This year’s makeover has a cheering, red bauble finish in a glittering gold snow globe, with the famous, comforting scent of lavender, bergamot, cinnamon, vanilla and tonka bean. Camp, and fabulous.

Buy now at John Lewis

Paco Rabanne 1 Million Parfum

Fragrance Family: Floral Leather


Like a bit of glitz and glamour? Paco Rabanne’s 1 Million Parfum brings both; the pimped out, gold bullion style bottle and remixed juice by Christophe Raynaud and Quentin Bisch. Cashmeran accord, salty tuberose, monoi oil, leather and rock rose create a rich, enveloping scent worthy of a bronzed penthouse millionaire. The inspiration? Sun tan lotion meets cistus for the jet-set crowd.

Buy now at John Lewis

The post Scent Families: A Guide To Men’s Fragrance Types appeared first on Ape to Gentleman.

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By: Jessica Punter
Title: Scent Families: A Guide To Men’s Fragrance Types
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Published Date: Thu, 05 Nov 2020 09:00:16 +0000

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How to wear your watch correctly



As much as you won’t like hearing this, you’re probably wearing your watch wrong.

It’s not your fault; you may have never been taught how to wear a watch properly. After all, there is more than one way to wear a watch.

But how do you know which way is the right way?

Don’t worry, gents; as always, I’ve got you covered. I’m here with the best way to wear your favorite timepiece properly and look as stylish as ever.

In today’s article, I’ll be covering:

  1. Origins Of The Wrist Watch
  2. What Wrist Do You Wear A Watch On?
  3. Should You Wear Your Watch Facing Inward Or Outward?
  4. The Stylish Way To Wear A Watch

#1 Origins Of The Wrist Watch

old watches

When it comes to wearing a watch correctly, it’s important to note why the wristwatch came about in the first place.

Dating back to the 1800s, the first watches modified to be worn on the wrist were primarily worn by women as accessories. One of the earliest was created by Patek Philippe as a fashion accessory.

At the start of the 20th century, watchmakers became intrigued about using a wrist-worn timepiece for men in the military. They believed it would help them tell time quickly while on the battlefield.

Watchmakers started modifying pocket watches to fit on a bracelet worn on the wrist. Men would not wear the first iteration of the modern wristwatch until well into the 20th century.

Then developed as a ‘trench watch’ for military use, the earliest wrist watches offered something the pocket watch didn’t have – convenience.

After the wristwatch became less of a fashion accessory and more of a functional tool, watchmakers would spend the next century modifying them into the modern wristwatches we enjoy today.

#2 What Wrist Do You Wear A Watch On?

man wears watch

The age-old question: what wrist to wear a watch on? The answer – it depends.

The reason it depends is that since the creation of the wristwatch, men have mostly worn their watch on their non-dominant wrist. And since most people are right-handed, you would wear your watch on your left wrist.

But this isn’t always the correct answer. You may want to wear your watch on the right wrist if you are left-handed. But you may also want to wear it on your dominant hand.

So how do you know for sure?

The most significant benefit of wearing your watch on your non-dominant hand is that you can quickly put the watch on and navigate the dial more efficiently than with your non-dominant hand.

Wearing your watch on your non-dominant hand is less likely to damage the watch as you tend to do more with your dominant hand. If you were to wear it on your dominant hand, you’re more likely to scratch or ding the watch than on your non-dominant hand.

So the rule of thumb here is to wear your watch on your non-dominant hand for the best way to navigate and protect your watch.

#3 Should You Wear Your Watch Facing Inward Or Outward?

watch facing inside

The next question is, why would a man wear his watch facing inward on his wrist instead of outward?

This trend is seen primarily in individuals who need to check their watch frequently and in the most efficient way possible. Among the many reasons you should wear a watch, one of the most common is to support you in your profession.

You will see men in the military do this, as it’s easier and prevents sun glare better than when it’s on the outside of the wrist. It also offers faster convenience to other tools on the watch in addition to the time.

Another reason you may want to wear your watch facing inward is that it can help protect your watch from scratches and dings. Again, this is just a preference.

But you’re a stylish guy looking for the best way to wear his watch. What should you do?

The answer here is to wear it facing outward, as that is the most common way to wear a wristwatch. It shows off your timepiece that you love while also still being functional.

Unless you’re in a profession where you need to check your watch quickly while managing other tasks, the best way is to have your watch facing outward. After all, you probably didn’t spend money on that beautiful timepiece to hide its character.

#4 The Stylish Way To Wear A Watch

stylish watch

Now it’s time to find out exactly how to wear a watch in the most stylish way a guy can.

Assuming you’ve selected the right size watch for your wrist, the first thing you want to do is figure out if you’ll be wearing your watch on your right or left wrist.

As mentioned above, traditionally, the watch is worn on your non-dominant wrist. So if you’re right-handed, this means wearing your watch on your left wrist. For left-handed guys, this means your right wrist.

After you figure that out, it’s quite easy. The first thing you want to do is locate your wrist bone.

You want to wear your watch face up just above your wrist bone. If done correctly, your watch should slightly peek out from under the cuffs of your shirt when wearing long sleeves.

Next, you want to tighten the strap so it’s loose enough to be comfortable. You don’t want it so loose it can spin freely around your wrist. You also don’t want it too tight, or it will feel uncomfortable, especially when you bend your wrist.

After doing this correctly, you’ll be wearing a watch in the most stylish way possible.

There you have it, gents.

Now you no longer have to worry about wearing your watch incorrectly.

There is more than one way to wear a watch, so find what’s most comfortable for you personally, and rock your favorite timepiece accordingly.

If you want to take your watch knowledge to the next level, check out this article I wrote about the difference between quartz and mechanical watches.

The post How To Wear A Watch The Right Way appeared first on Real Men Real Style.

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By: Antonio
Title: How To Wear A Watch The Right Way
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Published Date: Sat, 30 Jul 2022 10:19:42 +0000

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Fall Capsule Wardrobe Preparation (Buy Now and Get $$$)



We’ve all been there – fall comes around, and you open your closet only to find you have nothing but polos and shorts.

So what’s a stylish guy to do? Pay a premium to build an entire fall wardrobe last minute? Sure, if you’re loaded. But not every guy is that lucky!

Don’t worry; as ever, I’ve got you covered. In today’s article, I’ll show you how to get the best bang for your buck when building your fall capsule wardrobe.

We’ll be covering:

  1. What Are The Advantages Of A Capsule Wardrobe?
  2. How Do You Build A Fall Capsule Wardrobe?
  3. Where Can You Find Deals On Fall Clothing?
  4. What Are The Best Fall Capsule Wardrobe Essentials?

#1 What Are The Advantages Of A Capsule Wardrobe?

man in closet

One of the most common headaches guys run into in their closet is having too many clothing options to choose from but not enough of the right options.

While more options aren’t bad, they can be overwhelming, especially when you rarely wear most items. This is where building a capsule wardrobe comes into play.

A capsule wardrobe is a limited selection of clothing items that complement each other. This means you can buy a smaller selection of items and create a larger number of outfits.

This is crucial to understand because most guys don’t have an unlimited budget for buying clothes. A capsule wardrobe allows you to purchase and use items frequently with little redundancy.

But where do you start in building your fall capsule wardrobe?

#2 How Do You Build A Fall Capsule Wardrobe?

fall clothing items

After you have put together the perfect capsule wardrobe, you can start to add a few fall-specific items. This is done by adding a few staple pieces that complement what you already have.

For most, fall offers mild temperatures mixed with slightly warmer temperatures.

This means that layering will be of the utmost importance because you may leave the house needing a jacket, but it might be warm enough by midday to sport only the t-shirt underneath.

Start with the basics when building your fall capsule wardrobe and add pieces accordingly.

Keep It Simple

man wearing coat

Fall is primetime for layering, so you only need a few outer layers and should focus more on the innermost layers.

You want to make sure that interchangeability is at the top of your list when it comes to your wardrobe. Everything should complement each other for ease of use.

With that said, having a few staples and adding additional items as you change seasons is essential.

For this reason, ensure you have the following items in your fall capsule wardrobe:

  • A dark three-piece suit 
  • A light-colored tweed blazer
  • A leather bomber or biker jacket
  • An overcoat (dark or light)
  • A formal button-up shirt (white)
  • 2 casual button-up shirts (flannel or chambray, you choose)
  • 2 sweaters (1 shawl, 1 crew neck)
  • 2 t-shirts (1 white, 1 black,)
  • 2 pairs of Jeans (1 dark, 1 light)
  • 2 pairs of slacks/chinos (1 dark, 1 light)
  • 2 belts (1 black, 1 brown)
  • 1 pair of black dress shoes
  • 1 pair of brown oxfords (leather or suede, you decide)
  • 1 pair of sneakers (plain white or brown)
  • 1 pair of military boots (black or brown)

When it comes to accessories like watches, scarves, or gloves, you can use what you have as most men won’t need all of them, so I won’t count them in.

#3 Where Can You Find Deals On Fall Clothing?

clothing on sale

As it is the middle of summer, fall will be approaching quickly.

Now is a great time to snag up some of last year’s sale items at department stores as they usually have sales on previous season items. By now, most men aren’t thinking about what to wear in the fall.

While you still might be able to find good deals on last year’s fall items, it’s usually the most optimal time to purchase these items after the season has ended. This is when retailers try hard to clear space and make room for the next season’s clothing.

When they do this, it is a great time to get excellent deals on items that have just gone out of season.

Another great option to buy men’s clothing is online at your favorite retailers, as they will often have sales and discounts on items they have in their online inventory but are not yet in prime season.

The most expensive items in your fall capsule wardrobe are the ones you want to focus on, as you can often save a significant amount of money out of season for them.

These big ticket items include:

  • Your dark three-piece suit and blazer
  • Overcoats and jackets
  • Dress shoes and sneakers
  • Boots

These items will be some of the most expensive items and can be found discounted out of season. Put these at the forefront of your fall capsule wardrobe search.

#4 What Are The Best Fall Capsule Wardrobe Essentials?

man shopping for clothes

You want to adhere to a few staples when building your fall capsule wardrobe.

Since fall weather can vary, layering will be essential. These few items are crucial as mainstays that can be layered with other items within your wardrobe.

For example, if you experience a rather chilly day in fall and need to wear a suit, an overcoat is essential as that outermost layer because you can simply remove it when you no longer need it.

When it comes to the concept of layering within your fall capsule wardrobe, you want to make sure you nail these following items.


man wearing overcoat

Having a good overcoat to complement your fall capsule wardrobe is crucial.

The overcoat acts as the outermost layer and will be removed whenever you go indoors. This makes for a great option as you can wear it with anything as it offers excellent versatility.

When searching for the perfect overcoat, it’s essential to know your size as they usually come in sizes of suit jackets, not regular sizing. After you’ve nailed the size, focus on color.

Dark-colored overcoats tend to be the most versatile. However, a light camel color can work as well. Stay away from patterns with overcoats as the goal is to be as versatile as possible.

Leather Jackets

leather jackets

A good leather jacket goes a long way. You can choose a leather biker jacket or a leather bomber; it’s your call.

Biker jackets can be slightly harder to pull off as most of the time, they will have a larger and more aggressive collar, but they still look great.

A leather bomber jacket is an excellent option because it looks great on all body types and often has more options than biker jackets.

For color, opt for black or dark brown, as that gives you the most versatility with other items in your fall capsule wardrobe.


man wearing sweater

Sweaters are to fall, what t-shirts are for summer. This means they are a critical piece as they are season specific and offer great versatility when it comes to layering.

So how do you find the perfect sweater?

You want options, so have a couple of different collar choices to give yourself the most bang for your buck.

Having a shawl neck sweater and a crew neck sweater ensures you have all your bases covered.

Make sure you choose neutral tones such as greys, creams, and tans for color. This ensures maximum versatility with other items within your wardrobe and gives you the most options.

That’s it, gents.

To learn more about how versatile this concept of capsule wardrobes can be, check out how I turned 16 pieces of clothing into 256 outfits.

The post Preparing Your Fall Capsule Wardrobe (Buy Now And Save $$$) appeared first on Real Men Real Style.

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By: Antonio
Title: Preparing Your Fall Capsule Wardrobe (Buy Now And Save $$$)
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Published Date: Thu, 28 Jul 2022 23:59:00 +0000

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The Best Zara Fragrances



We all know of Zara and I’m pretty sure the majority of us own at least one piece from them, but I’m not here to talk about their reasonably priced clothing, I’m here for their fragrance.

Not quite a hidden gem but I don’t feel that they vast range and high quality fragrance that they create is given enough air time, I’m about to change that. The fragrance game is massive at the moment, everyone from the big fashion houses all the way to footballers have a scent on the market and they all carry a hefty price tag, with some of the bigger hitters asking in excess of

£100 for 50ml.

Zara clearly understand the need for a great fragrance but also appreciate not everything has to be overly expensive. I’ve been lucky enough to sample my fair share over the years and wanted to share with you what I feel are some of their strongest.

Tobacco Collective 100ml – £16.99

This is one of my absolute favourites, it works perfectly as an everyday scent. The initial smell is strong and masculine but with undertones of vanilla bourbon help to soften it slightly.

4Qbk tFcSNbWj04S58 QXQsAx1NOGJ2EW5BgfYj4Ey67ulm5nUzJMLNq8HMNdkps3FThHVxZUbG2kK7VkQQIumuQtVN2 ww56QbpYBb3oo8vyL0js Gz4QeX1WHYq6r 2 t sNHgJEDHbdwuZg

For Him 100ml – £22.99

My current daily spray, its warm, modern and intense. It just so happens to be the perfect blend of three of my favourite scents, bergamot, cardamom and sandalwood. It’s strong yet light, never over powering and leaves a wonderful trail.

Florence 100ml – £16.24

Summer calls for a fresh fragrance and I cannot recommend this highly enough, its light, fresh and citrus scent is perfectly for those warmer days. Notes of black pepper, strawberry and guaiac wood allow this scent to sit gently on the skin with offending the noses of those around you.

Written by Tom Loughran

The post The Best Of Zara Fragrances first appeared on Mens Fashion Magazine.

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Title: The Best Of Zara Fragrances
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Published Date: Fri, 22 Jul 2022 09:57:00 +0000

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